Hawaii Auto Insurance Terms

Glossary of Auto Insurance Terms

Hawaii Auto Insurance Terms

Hawaii Auto Insurance Laws

Each state has their own insurance laws that drivers must comply with. For example, Hawaii specifically is a no-fault car insurance state. That means in the case of an accident, each individual must pay for their own damages and injuries up to their personal injury protection limit regardless of who was at fault. Hawaii Auto Insurance Laws also has its own minimum liability insurance requirements with the minimum of $20,000 per person with an aggregate limit of $40,000 per accident and $10,000 for all damages arising out of damage to or destruction of property. It is important to know which laws apply in your state so you can prevent any huge costs at your expense. You can learn more about the auto and home insurance laws here: http://capitol.hawaii.gov/


A claims adjuster settles insurance claims typically by investigating losses and determining the extent of coverage.

Automobile Liability Insurance

Protection in case others hold you legally responsible for bodily injury and/or damage to property losses incurred as the result of a motor vehicle accident. In other words, coverage in case you cause an accident where there is either physical or property damage to other people. This is a general term that covers bodily injury (BI) liability and property damage (PD) liability.


A binder is a temporary legal agreement that states a policy is in effect until a formal policy can be issued. For example, when purchasing a home, a binder may be used to show a lender that the property is insured.

Collision Coverage

Optional coverage for when your car is damaged as a result of colliding with another object—a brick wall, for example, or a rollover. It also can come into play if you hit a pothole that severely damages your car. This insurance applies only to your car. It doesn’t cover whatever the car collided with (that’s what your property damage liability is for). According to 2004 data from the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, 72 percent of insured drivers carry this coverage.

Other than Collision

This is optional coverage for when your car is stolen or damaged in ways that don’t involve a collision. Examples include: hail damage, glass breakage, fire, vandalism, damage from an animal, flood, earthquakes, falling objects and theft. Other than Collision insurance is limited to the value of your car at the time of the accident.

Collision and Other than Collision coverage may not be cost effective towards vehicles that are more than a decade old.


A deductible is the amount you are responsible for paying out-of-pocket toward a loss. During a claim, the amount of the deductible is subtracted from the claim payment. Typically, carrying a higher deductible, if you can afford to, may help to lower your insurance premium.


Indemnity is a key concept in insurance. It is a contractual agreement that states that the insurer (indemnitor) will compensate the insured (indemnitee) for damages or losses in return for the premiums that the insured pays to the insurer. This term applies to all types of insurance, including but not limited to, auto, home, renters, and commercial liability.

No-Fault Auto Insurance

There are different versions of no-fault auto insurance laws in 12 states and Puerto Rico. In theory, the system is supposed to discourage lawsuits by allowing policyholders to recover financial losses from their own insurance company without having to prove that anyone is at fault in an accident. Motorists may only sue for injuries and for pain and suffering if their case meets certain minimum conditions. Seven states, including Utah, require that you meet a minimum dollar threshold to be able to bring a lawsuit on damages over and above your economic losses. Florida, Michigan, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania use a verbal description as a threshold (i.e. severe disfigurement, disability or death). In New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Kentucky, motorists may choose to reject the lawsuit threshold on their insurance policy and keep their right to sue for any auto-related injuries.

Personal Injury Protection (PIP)

Personal Injury Protection is also known as “No Fault” coverage. This means the insurance package covers auto accident related injuries to you, your passengers, pedestrians, moped riders, and bicyclists, regardless of who’s at fault. Benefits of having PIP is that it would save you time. No blame is accessed and payments are usually made quicker towards medical or lost of income. Also, dialogue is only between you and your insurance company.


A policy is a contract between the insurance company and the insured. It’s a good idea to review your policy annually with your agent to ensure you have the right type of coverage or if you need to make any adjustments.


A premium is the amount a person or business pays for an insurance policy.

Property Damage Liability (PD)

Property Damage Liability coverage protects you if you’re found at-fault for an auto accident. It covers the damage you are responsible for causing to someone else’s property such as a car, house, fence, utility pole etc.


A rate is the cost of a unit of insurance (usually $1,000 worth). Insurance is based on the history of loss experience for similar risks. What a driver pays for auto insurance is based in part on past experience by that company with drivers categorized by similar factors such as make, model and year of vehicle driven, vehicle usage, and driving record.


The insurance industry is state regulated. State insurance laws are administered by insurance departments whose job includes approval of rates and policy forms, investigation of company practices, review of annual financial statements, periodic examination of books and liquidation of insolvent insurers.

Third Party

In an insurance contract, a third party is anyone other than the policyholder and the family members covered under the insurance policy. The policyholder is the first party. The insurance company is the second party in the contract while anyone else is a third party.


The cutoff point, which, if met, allows the injured person to file a lawsuit to attempt to recover damages for bodily injury, such as “pain and suffering,” from the driver who caused the accident.


The purpose of the tort law is to redress a wrongdoing to a person by awarding them monetary damage as compensation.

Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage (UM)

Uninsured Motorist Coverage will cover you and passengers for medical expenses, lost wages, as a result of an accident by an at-fault driver who does not have insurance. Underinsured Motorist Coverage is when you’re in an accident with an at-fault driver whose liability limits are too low to cover damage or medical expenses.

Bundle Your Auto, Homeowners, or Renters Insurance and Save!

Skip to content